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Master and Content Pages in Whidbey
Pages: 1, 2

Customizing Individual Pages

With the main page selected (in Solution Explorer), press F5 to start debugging the web application. You should see the following:

Figure 9. Displaying the main page

When the user navigates to the Conference page (by clicking on the Conferences menu item), it will display default2.aspx (but with the O'Reilly logo changed to a conference logo). I also want to change the color of the Conferences hyperlink to yellow, as shown in Figure 10.

Figure 10. The Conference page displayed with the logo and the menu item color changed

To perform the required customization, you need to write code in the code-behind of default2.aspx. Specifically, you need to change the image of the image control (imgTitle) during the Page_Load() event. You would also change the color of the hyperlink control (lnkConference) at this point. Here is the code:

Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Namespace ASP
  Expands Class Default2_aspx
    Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, _
                  ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
      ' change the image
      Dim masterImage As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Image
      masterImage = CType(Master.FindControl("imgTitle"), _
      If Not (masterImage Is Nothing) Then
        masterImage.ImageUrl = "Image/conference_header.gif"
      End If

      'change the color of the Conferences label
      Dim masterLink As System.Web.UI.WebControls.HyperLink
      masterLink = CType(Master.FindControl("lnkConferences"), _
      If Not (masterLink Is Nothing) Then
        masterLink.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Yellow
      End If
    End Sub
  End Class
End Namespace

Basically, you locate controls of the Master page by using the FindControl() method of the Master property, supplying the name and type of the control you want to locate. Once the control is located, you can then change its properties as if it were a local object.

Dim masterImage As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Image
masterImage = CType(Master.FindControl("imgTitle"), _
If Not (masterImage Is Nothing) Then
  masterImage.ImageUrl = "Image/conference_header.gif"
End If

The C# equivalent of the above is as follows:

using System;
namespace ASP
	public partial class Default2_aspx
		void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
      //change the image
			System.Web.UI.WebControls.Image masterImage;
			masterImage = (System.Web.UI.WebControls.Image) 
			if (masterImage != null)
				masterImage.ImageUrl = 

			//change the color of the Conferences label
			System.Web.UI.WebControls.HyperLink masterLink;

			masterLink = (System.Web.UI.WebControls.HyperLink)
			if (masterLink != null)
				masterLink.ForeColor = 

The method that I have just described uses late-binding to access controls on a Master page. There is yet another more efficient way to change the controls in the Master page using early-binding. Using early-binding, the Master page needs to expose public properties so that the Content page can set or access them during runtime.

For example, suppose I want to set a different page title (using the <title> HTML element) for every page. I can declare a property in the Master Page to allow modification of the title of a page during runtime:

<%@ master language="VB" compilewith="MasterPage.master.vb"
           classname="ASP.MasterPage_master" %>
<script runat="server" language="vb">
  Protected pageTitle As String
  Public WriteOnly Property title() As String
    Set(ByVal Value As String)
      pageTitle = Value
    End Set
 End Property

  <head runat="server">
    <title><% =pageTitle %></title> 

In C#:

protected String pageTitle = "O'Reilly & Associates ";
public String HtmlTitle
  set { pageTitle = value; }

Note that I have also changed the HTML portion of the page to insert the value of the pageTitle variable into the <title> element. To change the title of the page during runtime, you can access the title property by using the following statement in the Form_Load() event:

me.Master.Title = "O'Reilly & Associates Conferences"

In C#:

this.Master.Title = "O'Reilly & Associates Conferences";

So when the conference page is loaded, you will see the page titled changed (see Figure 11):

Figure 11. Changing the title of a page


In this article, you have seen how the Master and Content pages allow you to build your web site easily and efficiently. One of the main thrusts of ASP.NET 2.0 is the reduction of the amount of coding needed to write your web application. We will look at some new data controls in Whidbey in the next article.

Wei-Meng Lee (Microsoft MVP) is a technologist and founder of Developer Learning Solutions, a technology company specializing in hands-on training on the latest Microsoft technologies.

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